The implementation of Health-Optimizing Physical Education in primary schools

Wai Keung Kevin KAM, Alberto CRUZ, Chunxiao LI

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It is expected schools and physical education (PE) to play significant roles in helping school children to achieve public health objectives such as accumulation of adequate amounts of physical activity (PA) and reduction of sedentary behaviors. Health-Optimizing Physical Education (HOPE) based programmes have been proposed to attain public health objectives in schools. Guided by the HOPE model, the study intends to inquire the effects of the school-based PA programmes on children’s PA and enjoyment as well as understanding how students and PE teachers experience their learning and teaching within the programmes. Three Hong Kong primary schools (New Territories, Kowloon, and Hong Kong Island) were purposely selected and invited to develop an 8-week HOPE programme for their own school. Three PE lessons of one intact class in upper primary from each school were selected for observation and PA measurement from pedometers and ActiGraph accelerometers were collected in baseline (week 1), mid-intervention (week 8) and end-intervention (week 12), respectively. The Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale was used to measure PA enjoyment in baseline and end-intervention. Meanwhile, 3 teachers and 3 students were interviewed to collect their experiences of the implementation of the programme. A paired samples t-test indicated a significant difference on the step count between baseline and end-intervention in New Territories school (Baseline: 204567; End: 32311, p<0.05) and Kowloon school (Baseline: 34285; End: 40882, p<0.05). Significant effects were found in Sedentary, LPA and MVPA in Hong Kong Island school and Kowloon school (p<0.05). Interestingly, a significant decrease in PA enjoyment was found in Hong Kong Island school (Pre: 1.67; Post: 1.42, p<0.05). The interview results revealed that PE teachers played an important role affecting the implementation of the school based PA programmes. Most students and teachers valued HOPE and agreed that the approach could help student learning in physical education and increase their awareness of PA and PA levels in schools. It was also found PE teachers had difficulties in preparing lesson tasks and designing related school events in increasing PA levels for school children. These findings are useful for PE teacher educators and teachers develop pragmatic strategies in improving the practice of HOPE in primary schools in Hong Kong. Copyright © 2019 AIESEP International Conference.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
EventAIESEP International Conference 2019: Building Bridges for Physical Activity and Sport - Adelphi University, United States
Duration: 19 Jun 201922 Jun 2019


ConferenceAIESEP International Conference 2019: Building Bridges for Physical Activity and Sport
Abbreviated titleAIESEP 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States


Kam, W. K. K., Cruz, A., & Li, C. (2019, June). The implementation of Health-Optimizing Physical Education in primary schools. Paper presented at the AIESEP International Conference: Building Bridges for Physical Activity and Sport, Adelphi University, New York, US.


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