The impacts of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and socioeconomic development on the living arrangements of older persons in sub‐Saharan Africa: A country‐level analysis

Sheung-Tak CHENG, Benjamin SIANKAM

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates whether socioeconomic development and the HIV/AIDS pandemic are associated with living arrangement patterns in older persons in 23 sub‐Saharan African countries. Country‐level aggregate data were taken from previous household surveys and information provided by the United Nations, the World Bank, and the World Health Organization. Results showed that 13.5% of older persons (aged 60 years or over) were living with grandchildren but not adult children (i.e., skipped generation households). Countries higher in HIV/AIDS prevalence had more skipped generation households, and also more older persons living with spouse only and fewer older persons living with other relatives. Countries with higher socioeconomic development had fewer older persons living with children younger than 25 years old and more living with spouse only or with other relatives and unrelated persons. The pandemic and socioeconomic development combine to accelerate the breakdown of the extended family structure so that older persons are less and less likely to reside with, and to receive support from, their children. Copyright © 2009 Society for Community Research and Action.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-147
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume44
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

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socioeconomic development
Africa South of the Sahara
life situation
Pandemics
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS
HIV
United Nations
spouse
Spouses
aggregate data
grandchild
extended family
family structure
household survey
WHO
World Bank
Adult Children
UNO
human being

Citation

Cheng, S.-T., & Siankam, B. (2009). The impacts of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and socioeconomic development on the living arrangements of older persons in sub‐Saharan Africa: A country‐level analysis. American Journal of Community Psychology, 44(1-2), 136-147. doi: 10.1007/s10464-009-9243-y

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Socioeconomic development
  • Elderly
  • Orphans
  • Living arrangements
  • Africa
  • Demographic and health surveys
  • UNAIDS