The impact of parents’ goal orientation on parent-child relationships and the well-being of parents and children

Oi Kiu NG

Research output: ThesisBachelor's Theses


Objectives: Academic performance of children is one of the biggest worries of parents, but simultaneously self-improvements of children are easily forgotten. This may affect the parent-child relationships and the well-being of the parents and children. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the effect of parents' goal orientations for their kids to learn in the context of Internal Assessments (IA) in Hong Kong. Methods: 47 pairs of parents and children currently taking the IA were recruited to complete an online experiment, in which the goal orientation of the parents was manipulated. The following questionnaires measured (1) children’s views on parent-child relationships, (2) children’s perceived stress levels, (3) children’s perceived happiness levels, (4) parents’ views on the child-parent relationships, (5) parents’ perceived parental stress levels, and (6) parents’ perceived parental confidence levels. Results: The results supported all of the hypotheses. Mastery goal group had more positive views on parent-child relationships, less stress in both children and parents, higher happiness level in children, and more parental confidence in parents. Conclusion: These findings contribute to the development of positive parenting, the promotion of mastery goal orientation, and the knowledge of goal orientation theory. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationBachelor of Social Sciences (Honours)
Awarding Institution
  • The Education University of Hong Kong
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Goal orientation theory
  • Achievement goals
  • Mastery goal orientation
  • Performance goal orientation
  • Parent-child relationship
  • Wellbeing
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (BSocSc(Psy))--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2022.


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