The graded priming effect of semantic radical on Chinese character recognition

Xiuhong TONG, Mengdi XU, Jing ZHAO, Liyan YU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

This study used priming paradigm with lexical decision task to examine the effects of different levels of semantic relatedness on the identification of Chinese phonetic–semantic compound characters. Unlike previous studies that simply classify Chinese compound characters as semantically transparent or opaque, we categorize the semantic relatedness between semantic radicals (i.e., prime) and the target characters containing them into five levels: highly related (i.e., high condition; e.g., prime ± vs. target 地), moderately related (i.e., moderate condition; e.g., prime ± vs. target 场), minimally related (i.e., minimal condition; e.g., prime ± vs. target 塔), unrelated but sharing the semantic radical (i.e., form-only condition; e.g., prime ± vs. target 坏), and unrelated without sharing the semantic radical (i.e., control condition; e.g., prime ± vs. target 涌). Moreover, three stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA)s (i.e., 57, 140, and 243 ms) were used in this study to dissociate the radical- and character-level semantic priming effects. Results revealed a graded priming effect of the semantic radical on character recognition in Chinese readers for all SOAs. More specifically, the facilitative effect of the semantic radical on character processing was most evident for the high condition, followed by the minimal, form-only, and control conditions. This suggests a graded priming effect of the semantic radical on character identification. Copyright © 2021 Tong, Xu, Zhao and Yu.
Original languageEnglish
Article number611066
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume12
Early online date23 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Citation

Tong, X., Xu, M., Zhao, J., & Yu, L. (2021). The graded priming effect of semantic radical on Chinese character recognition. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.611066

Keywords

  • Semantic priming
  • Chinese character recognition
  • Graded priming effect
  • Sematic relatedness
  • Adults
  • PG student publication

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