Emotional intelligence (EI) has been an emerging topic for psychological, educational, and management researchers and consultants in recent years. However, existing literature has concentrated on demonstrating the effects of EI on either the mental health or on job outcomes such as job attitudes and performance. There is relatively little discussion concerning how EI, as a set of interrelated abilities about handling emotions, is developed. Understanding how EI is developed may be the significant first step for organizations to develop effective EI training programs. As an exploratory effort, we borrowed the basic argument from theories in human development to argue that life experiences affect EI development. Based on samples of university students from Singapore and Hong Kong, whether one of the parents was a full-time parent was a significant predictor of the students' EI. This finding was cross-validated with a sample of graduate students in Taiwan. Furthermore, age as a proxy for life experiences for this graduate student sample was found to be a significant predictor of EI. Implications for EI research and training are discussed. Copyright © 2007 Elsevier.
CitationWong, C.-S., Foo, M.-D., Wang, C.-W., & Wong, P.-M. (2007). The feasibility of training and development of EI: An exploratory study in Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Intelligence, 35(2), 141-150.
- Emotional intelligence
- Nurture and EI
- EI training and development
- The feasibility of training and development of emotional intelligence: An exploratory study in Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan