The fall of Hong Kong movies: A post-mortem investigative report

Wing Kai Stephen CHIU, Victor K. W. SHIN

Research output: Book/ReportBooks

Abstract

Hong Kong's film industry was slain in the mid-1990s. From that time onwards, the industry dwindled steadily, with Hollywood movies coming to dominate Hong Kong's domestic market. We review various explanations for the decline of the industry and note their shortcomings. We then provide an integrated account of the industry's downfall by interrogating each of the "culprits" alleged to have been esponsible for the abrupt decline of the Hong Kong film industry from its zenith in the early 1990s. We identify the critical factors in the downturn by showing that the restructturing of the cinema sector and the expansion of multiplex-cinema circuits in Hong Kong brought about the collapse of the major local film companies and enabled Hollywood's distributors to align with movie exhibitors in Hong Kong. These changes altered the market order governing the Hong Kong film industry and led to the dominance of Hollywood movies.
二十世紀八年代,香港本土電影的產量及巿場佔有率迅速增長,卻在九十年代中期急速滑落,好萊塢電影乘勢崛起,在香港大受歡迎。本文整合多個普遍的解說向度,分析導致香港電影業衰落的主要原因。 本研究發現,在九十年代初,由於中國內地及臺灣等地區的電影政策轉變,以及香港地價上漲,令香港電影業的融資和放映制度產生變化; 同時,香港電影放映業亦急速轉型-新式迷你影院逐漸取代舊式傳統戲院。此契機讓外語片發行商與本地迷你影院院商成功結盟,並確立一套新的巿場規範和秩序,取代本地電影發行商原有的巿場地位。 在新的規範和秩序下,舊有的垂直整合-製作、發行、放映-模式不再奏效,大部分香港電影失去有利的放映安排,導致不少本地電影公司倒閉。相反,外語片自九十年代中期起得到迷你影院院商的支持,成功佔據香港電影巿場。 Copyright © 2013 Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies. All Rights Reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHong Kong
PublisherHong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
ISBN (Print)9789624412253
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Citation

Chiu, S. W. K., & Shin, V. K. W. (2013). The fall of Hong Kong movies: A post-mortem investigative report. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Keywords

  • Alt. title: 《香港電影產業之衰落》

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