The evaluation of a palliative care programme for people suffering from life‐limiting diseases

Carmen WH CHAN, Ying Yu CHUI, Sek Ying CHAIR, Michael MK SHAM, Raymond SK LO, Sau Man Catalina NG, Helen YL CHAN, David CY LAI

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives. To report on the effectiveness of an eight‐week palliative care programme in Hong Kong.
Background. A recent survey reported that the quality of palliative care services in Hong Kong ranked the 20th among 40 countries and it is far behind other Asian countries. There are disagreement and inadequate communication in clinical decision‐making among patients, families and healthcare professionals, and that the nurses lack sufficient knowledge and skills in providing palliative care and advance care planning.
Design. A pretest post‐test design and semi‐structured interviews were adopted.
Methods. A total of 108 home care patients with life‐limiting disease and their family caregivers in Hong Kong were recruited to complete a set of questionnaire including The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire for Hong Kong Chinese and the Family Satisfaction Scale before and after they attended an eight‐week programme. The programme comprised the elements of symptom management, intensive communication on advance care planning and psychosocial intervention.
Results. Pearson's chi‐square tests and Wilcoxon matched paired tests show a general trend that the patients' quality of life was improved after the programme. Their understanding and active participation in advance care planning was also improved. The hospital readmission rate and the days of hospital stays were significantly reduced. In qualitative interview, four major themes were identified that are as follows: improvement in the communication of treatment plans and after‐death arrangements, symptom management, emotional support and suggested areas of improvement.
Conclusion. The study supports the benefit of implementing a palliative care programme to patients with life‐limiting disease. Patients demonstrated improved understanding and changed behaviour as regards the preparation for death and dying after the eight‐week programme.
Relevance to clinical practice. The programme could be replicated in other hospitals and infirmaries that offer home care services. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-123
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume23
Issue number1-2
Early online dateJun 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Citation

Chan, C. W. H., Chui, Y. Y., Chair, S. Y., Sham, M. M. K., Lo, R. S. K., Ng, C. S. M., . . . Lai, D. C. Y. (2014). The evaluation of a palliative care programme for people suffering from life‐limiting diseases. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23(1-2), 113-123. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12094

Keywords

  • Advance care planning
  • Advance directive
  • Palliative care

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