The effects of multiplicative and convertible capitals on non-Chinese language minorities’ accessing university in Hong Kong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Despite rapid growth at the compulsory education stage, Hong Kong ’s non -Chinese language minority (NCLM) students only consisted 1.3% of the whole full-time postsecondary student population; an attendance rate of 13.8%, far behind the overall rate of 43.8%. Policy initiatives focally address their deficit in linguistic capital to accessing university, and yet have overlooked the effects of other capitals in tandem with linguistic capital on university enrollment. This study fills the gap through investigating how the multiplicative capitals in conversion mediate under-represented NCLMs’ pathways to university. Drawing on 13 participants ’ narratives, we identify the linguistic constraints, financial struggles, lack of social capital and symbolic violence, which compound with each other and constrain NCLMs’ opportunities for tertiary education. This study calls for the need for educational policy to shift from a narrow focus on remediating NCLMs’ limited Chinese proficiency to policy initiatives addressing the importance of multiplicative capital resources for achieving equality and excellence in education. Copyright © 2016 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulticultural education in global era: New perspectives and practices in contemporary society
EditorsKyoung-Ho SHIN
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages97-118
ISBN (Print)9781634853323, 1634853202, 9781634853200
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Hong Kong
minority
university
language
linguistics
university enrollment
symbolic violence
compulsory education
educational policy
social capital
equality
education
deficit
student
narrative
lack

Citation

Gao, F. (2016). The effects of multiplicative and convertible capitals on non-Chinese language minorities’ accessing university in Hong Kong. In K.-H. Shin (Ed.), Multicultural education in global era: New perspectives and practices in contemporary society (pp. 97-118). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Keywords

  • University access
  • NCLM
  • Capitals
  • Educational policy