The effects of mindfulness training on beginners’ skill acquisition in dart throwing: A randomized controlled trial

Chun-Qing ZHANG, Gangyan SI, Yanping DUAN, Yaojun LYU, David A. KEATLEY, King Chung Derwin CHAN

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The present study was into whether or not mindfulness training, based on the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment approach (MAC), can improve beginners’ skill acquisition of dart throwing. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Methods: A total of 43 first-year college students who had not played darts professionally prior to the study were randomly assigned to either an attention control group (n = 21) or a mindfulness training group (n = 22) during an eight-week dart training program. Dart throwing and psychological variables were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and two-week follow-up. Results: Two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that the mindfulness group, but not the attention control group had significant improvements in mindfulness, experiential acceptance, and flow at post-intervention and follow-up. Although both groups improved dart throwing performance after the intervention, the improvement of the mindfulness group was statistically higher in comparison to that of the attention control group. Conclusions: It was concluded that the MAC approach could improve the performance and adaptive sport experience of beginners in dart throwing. Copyright © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-285
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume22
Early online dateSep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Citation

Zhang, C.-Q., Si, G., Duan, Y., Lyu, Y., Keatley, D. A., & Chan, D. K. C. (2016). The effects of mindfulness training on beginners’ skill acquisition in dart throwing: A randomized controlled trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22, 279-285.

Keywords

  • Experiential acceptance
  • Flow
  • Mindfulness intervention
  • Motor skill learning
  • Sport performance