Turkey, like many developing countries, is facing considerable problems in terms of low school attendance rates, late enrolment and early dropout of girls in particular. Numerous studies have already been conducted, both in Turkey and elsewhere, to determine the factors affecting school enrolment of boys and girls. Existing studies in Turkey, however, have focused extensively on the association between household-level factors and school participation, ignoring the role of the broader environment in which children live. Using a recent, large-scale and nationally representative data set, this paper investigates school participation at both primary and secondary levels in Turkey, giving specific attention to community-level factors. In taking into account socioeconomic context variables using the multilevel modelling method, this study contributes significantly to current school participation literature in Turkey. The author's findings highlight the importance of community/context factors in explaining low school enrolment in Turkey. The results of the study can help policy makers develop a systematic understanding of the relationship between socioeconomic context and school participation, and enable them to make more appropriate decisions for improving school participation across the country. Copyright © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.
CitationGumus, S. (2014). The effects of community factors on school participation in Turkey: A multilevel analysis. International Review of Education, 60, 79-98. doi: 10.1007/s11159-014-9411-7
- School participation
- Community factors
- Adult education
- Multilevel analysis