The effect of rule and game design modification in football

Man Chun TSUI, Gar Sun CHAN, Andrew Ward SMITH, Pui Lam WONG

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


The aim of this study was to compare the physiological effects of 3 vs. 3 small-sided games (SSGs) under different game rules, i.e with and without man-to-man marking (MM) and with and without goals. It was found that SSGs with MM induced significantly higher heart rate response (%HRreserve) and perceived exertion than without MM. On the other hand, while the use of goals did not affect the heart rate response, it led to lower reported perceived exertion. In conclusion, this study found that the exercise intensity of 3 vs. 3 SSGs could be increased by using MM, whereas adding goals did not change the exercise intensity. Copyright © 2011 Department of Health and Physical Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication《體育教師暑期學校2011:360°向學生推廣健康生活》
Editors 甘偉強, 李宗, 高達倫
Place of Publication香港
ISBN (Print)9789881812841
Publication statusPublished - 2011


Tsui, M.-c., Chan, G.-s., Smith, A. W., & Wong, D. P. (2011):The effect of rule and game design modification in football,輯於甘偉強、李宗和高達倫編著《體育教師暑期學校2011:360°向學生推廣健康生活》,(頁 46-57),香港,香港教育學院健康及體育學系、教育局課程發展處體育組。


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