The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphate amendement on arsenic uptake, accumulation and growth of pteris vittata in as-contaminated soil

Ho Man LEUNG, Fu Yong WU, Kwai Chung CHEUNG, Zhi Hong YE, Ming Hung WONG

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the contributions of mixed arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculum-i.e., mixed populations of indigenous mycorrhiza (Glomus intraradices, Glomus geosporum, Glomus mosseae) (IM) isolated from arsenic (As) contaminated soil and non-indigenous mycorrhiza such as G. mosseae (GM), which possess metal tolerance characteristics-and the addition of phosphate rock (PR) towards the uptake and accumulation of As by Pteris vittata (As hyperaccumlator) grown in As-contaminated soil. Regardless of As levels added to soil, plant growth was substantially improved in amended treatments when compared with the control. In addition, root surface area (0 mg/kg As: 15.2 cm²; 150 mg/kg As: 16.9 cm²; 300 mg/kg As: 20.7 cm²), chlorophyll contents (0 mg/kg As: 1.16 mg/g; 150 mg/kg As: 1.46 mg/g; 300 mg/kg As: 1.81 mg/g) and As translocation factor (0 mg/kg As: 0; 150 mg/kg As: 4.29; 300 mg/kg As: 5.22) in P. vittata of PR+IM/GM were also increased. Such combination could further enhance plant growth (indicated by higher N, P and chlorophyll contents) and As uptake by P. vittata. Copyright © 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-403
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2010

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Pteris vittata
Arsenic
arsenic
Fungi
polluted soils
mycorrhizal fungi
Phosphates
phosphate
fungus
phosphates
uptake mechanisms
Soils
Glomus mosseae
phosphate rock
contaminated soil
effect
mycorrhiza
rock phosphate
Chlorophyll
mycorrhizae

Citation

Leung, H. M., Wu, F. Y., Cheung, K. C., Ye, Z. H., & Wong, M. H. (2010). The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphate amendement on arsenic uptake, accumulation and growth of pteris vittata in as-contaminated soil. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 12(4), 384-403. doi: 10.1080/15226510903051740

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Brake fern
  • Hyperaccumulator
  • Mycorrhizae
  • Chlorophyll