Background: The previous investigations in diurnal variation of endurance sports performance did not reach a consensus and have been limited. This study would be a valuable resource for endurance sports trainers and event managers to plan their training and competition in a specific time of day. Objectives: The aim of this study is to find out the diurnal variation in cardiovascular endurance performance in the young athletes. Materials and Methods: Thirty five athlete students (15.17 ± 1.62 years) participated in this study. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO₂ mₐₓ), post-exercise percentage of maximal heart rate (MHR% post-ex), post-exercise body temperature (BTemppost-ex), and post exercise blood lactic acid level (LApost-ex) were measured in this study. Three non-consecutive testings: A) Morning (09:00-10:00; AM), B) Noon (12:00-13:00; NN) and C) Afternoon (16:00-17:00; PM) were conducted. Participants were required to follow the meal plan and resting schedule for all testing days. Results: VO₂ mₐₓ was significantly higher at NN (F2. 68 = 3.29, P < 0.05, η2 = 0.088) in comparison with PM. The MHR%post-ex, BTemppost-ex, LApost-ex was not significantly different among three times of day. Conclusions: Diurnal effect on endurance performance was found and the highest exercise VO₂ mₐₓ was identified at noon. Secondary school students or young athletes are recommended to have sports training related to VO₂ mₐₓ at noon for the purpose of maximizing training effectiveness. Copyright © 2015 Sports Medicine Research Center.
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CitationChin, C.-Y., Chow, G. C.-C., Hung, K.-C., Kam, L.-H., Chan, K.-C., Mok, Y.-T., et al. (2015). The diurnal variation on cardiovascular endurance performance of secondary school athlete student. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(2), Article e22697.
- Circadian rhythm
- Aerobic exercise
- Diurnal effect