The direct and indirect relationships among kindergarten children’s social mastery motivation, receptive vocabulary, and socioemotional skills

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Abstract

Social mastery motivation is a critical correlate of children’s vocabulary and socioemotional skills, but little research has investigated the relationships among these factors. The present study investigated the direct relationships between socioemotional skills and the instrumental and expressive indicators of social mastery motivation and the indirect relationships between these variables through receptive vocabulary. The participants were 171 Hong Kong Chinese kindergarten children (76 girls; mean age 3.84 years) and their parents. The children’s social mastery motivation, receptive vocabulary, and non-verbal intelligence were individually assessed in their homes. Both of each child’s parents reported their educational level and child’s socioemotional skills. Path analysis revealed that expressive social mastery motivation had a positive relationship with socioemotional skills and that instrumental social mastery motivation was indirectly related to socioemotional skills through receptive vocabulary. The findings highlight the different relationships between two indicators of social mastery motivation and socioemotional skills, and social mastery motivation may improve children’s vocabulary and socioemotional skills through day-to-day social interactions. Copyright © 2019 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Psychology
Early online date08 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 08 Nov 2019

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Citation

Fung, W.-K., & Chung, K. K.-H. (2019). The direct and indirect relationships among kindergarten children’s social mastery motivation, receptive vocabulary, and socioemotional skills. Current Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s12144-019-00523-3

Keywords

  • Social mastery motivation
  • Receptive vocabulary
  • Socioemotional skills
  • Kindergarten children