The development of VOC to VCO in Mai-Cantonese of Sanya in Hainan

Chi On CHIN, Ka Yin Benjamin TSOU

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This paper examines an on-going change of the resultative verb construction (結果補語) in the Mai (邁話) dialect spoken in Sanya (三亞), Hainan Province. Our fieldwork data show that two patterns co-exist for the resultative verb construction which differ in terms of the relative word order of the complement (C) and the object (O): VOC vs. VCO (such as da laoshu si 打老鼠死vs. dasi laoshu 打死老鼠 ‘beat the mouse to death’). After considering a number of linguistic and extra-linguistic factors as well as the results of our fieldwork conducted among native Mai speakers of different ages, we argue that VOC is an older pattern while the VCO pattern is used more often by younger speakers, which can be primarily attributed to the influence of Standard Chinese as a result of language contact. Copyright © 2013 Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBreaking down the barriers: Interdisciplinary studies in Chinese linguistics and beyong
EditorsGuangshun CAO, Hilary CHAPPELL, Redouane DJAMOURI, Thekla WIEBUSCH
Place of PublicationTaipei, Taiwan
PublisherInstitute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica
Pages817-829
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9789860376784
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Citation

Chin, A. C., & Tsou, B. K. (2013). The development of VOC to VCO in Mai-Cantonese of Sanya in Hainan. In G. Cao, H. Chappell, R. Djamouri, & T. Wiebusch (Eds.), Breaking down the barriers: Interdisciplinary studies in Chinese linguistics and beyong (Vol. 2, pp. 817-829). Taipei, Taiwan, Oxon: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.

Keywords

  • Resultative verb construction
  • Languages in Sanya of Hainan Province
  • Language contact
  • Diachronic change