The development and validation of the Relational Self-Esteem Scale

Hongfei DU, Ronnel Bornasal KING, Peilian CHI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


According to the tripartite model of the self (Brewer & Gardner, 1996), the self consists of three aspects: personal, relational, and collective. Correspondingly, individuals can achieve a sense of self‐worth through their personal attributes (personal self‐esteem), relationship with significant others (relational self‐esteem), or social group membership (collective self‐esteem). Existing measures on personal and collective self‐esteem are available in the literature; however, no scale exists that assesses relational self‐esteem. The authors developed a scale to measure individual differences in relational self‐esteem and tested it with two samples of Chinese university students. Between and within‐network approaches to construct validation were used. The scale showed adequate internal consistency reliability and results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed good fit. It also exhibited meaningful correlations with theoretically relevant constructs in the nomological network. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. Copyright © 2012 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology © 2012 The Scandinavian Psychological Associations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-264
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


Du, H., King, R. B., & Chi, P. (2012). The development and validation of the Relational Self-Esteem Scale. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 53(3), 258-264. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2012.00946.x


  • Personal self‐esteem
  • Relational self‐esteem
  • Collective self‐esteem
  • Significant others

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The development and validation of the Relational Self-Esteem Scale'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.