The correlation between physical activity and the use of positive coping strategies and the mediating effect of daily routines in low-income adults

Hiu Kei TO

Research output: ThesisBachelor's Theses

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated if doing physical activity was associated with the better use of two types of positive coping strategies, planning and meaning-making in adults with low-socio-economics status and investigated if there were mediating effects of daily routines on the relationship between the amount of physical activity and the use of both planning and meaning-making. Method: 364 adults aged between 20 and 64, with monthly household income less than $28200 (mean age = 40.49, 274 females; 90 males) filled out a five-part questionnaire: demographic sheets, The Godin Shephard Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (Godin, & Shephard, 1985), Searching for Meaning subscale in the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (Steger, Frazier, Oishi & Kaler, 2006), the planning subscale of COPE Scale (Carver, Scheier & Weintraub, 1989) and a Regularity of Daily Routines scale (Hou, Lai, Hougen, Hall & Hobfoll, 2019). Mediational analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed that the amount of physical activity was correlated with the use of planning (r = 0.13, p < .05), but not the use of meaning making (r = 0.004, p > .05). There were also mediating effects of daily routines on the relationship between the amount of physical activity and planning (β = 0.07, 95% C.I. = [0.03, 0.11], p = .001) and meaning making (β = .05, 95% C.I. = [0.02, 0.08], p = .003). Conclusion: Findings suggest that the amount of physical activity is related to the use of planning but not the use of meaning making and highlight the importance of daily routines as a mediator. Moreover, the study also finds out the differences of the mediating effects between primary routines and secondary routines which adds more to the limited knowledge. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Planning
  • Meaning making
  • Daily routines
  • Alt. title: The physical activity and coping streatgies in low-income people
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (BSocSc(Psy))--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2019.

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