The current study aimed at clarifying the nature of relation between visual attention and arithmetic competence. A group of 301 Chinese second graders was assessed. Children's visual attention was measured using two versions of a visual search task, with efficient visual search (the similarity between the target and the distractors is low) tapping automatic, stimulus-driven visual attention and inefficient visual search (the similarity between the target and the distractors is high) tapping effortful, goal-directed visual attention. Children's arithmetic competence, enumeration skills (assessed in about half of the participants), and other domain-general cognitive abilities were also assessed. The results suggest that only inefficient visual search significantly predicted children's arithmetic competence, and such a relation was mediated through their enumeration skills. The findings highlight the role of fundamental cognitive capacities in mathematics learning and provide insights into potential interventions for improving children's arithmetic competence. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CitationWong, T. T.-Y., & Liu, D. (2020). The association between visual attention and arithmetic competence: The mediating role of enumeration. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 196. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.104864
- Visual attention
- Goal-directed processing
- Cognitive capacities