The association between fear of COVID-19 and mental health: The mediating roles of burnout and job stress among emergency nursing staff

Daniel Kwasi AHORSU, Chung-Ying LIN, Zohreh Hosseini MARZNAKI, Amir H. PAKPOUR

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: This current study examined the mediation roles of burnout and job stress in the association between fear of COVID-19 and mental health among emergency nurses. 

Design: Cross-sectional survey. 

Methods: A total of 516 emergency nurses with a mean age of 41.18 (SD = 8.24), mostly females (76.16%) and married (78.9%) responded to measures on fear of COVID-19, burnout, job stress and mental health between 15 September and 7 November 2020. 

Results: There was a significantly direct effect between (a) fear of COVID-19 and mental health, (b) fear of COVID-19 and mediators (burnout and job stress) and (c) mediators (burnout and job stress) and mental health. Also, there was a significantly indirect effect between fear of COVID-19 and mental health through job stress, burnout or both. 

Conclusions: Fear of COVID-19 directly and indirectly influenced the mental health of emergency nurses. Therefore, hospital authorities should provide sufficient resources to allay the fears of nurses during this COVID-19 pandemic period. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Nursing Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1154
JournalNursing Open
Volume9
Issue number2
Early online dateDec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Citation

Ahorsu, D. K., Lin, C.-Y., Marznaki, Z. H., & Pakpour, A. H. (2022). The association between fear of COVID-19 and mental health: The mediating roles of burnout and job stress among emergency nursing staff. Nursing Open, 9(2), 1147-1154. doi: 10.1002/nop2.1154

Keywords

  • Burnout
  • Fear of COVID-19
  • Job stress
  • Mediation
  • Mental health
  • Nurse

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