Temporal trends and pattern changes of short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in marine mammals from the South China Sea over the past decade

Lixi ZENG, Chung Wah James LAM, Yawei WANG, Guibin JIANG, Paul K. S. LAM

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Abstract

Temporal trends of short- (SCCPs) and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) were examined in blubber samples of 50 finless porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) and 25 Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) collected from the South China Sea between 2004 and 2014. Elevated levels of SCCPs and MCCPs were detected in all blubber samples of both cetacean species. Concentrations of SCCPs ranged from 280 to 3900 ng·g¯¹ dry weight (dw) in porpoises and from 430 to 9100 ng·g¯¹ dw in dolphins, while concentrations of MCCPs ranged from 320 to 8600 ng·g¯¹ dw in porpoises and from 530 to 23 000 ng·g¯¹ dw in dolphins. Significantly higher concentrations were present in dolphins than porpoises due to their exposure levels in their living habitats. Strongly linear correlations existed between SCCPs and MCCPs, but there were no significant concentration differences between the genders of the two cetacean species in the same sampling year. Significantly temporal increasing trends of ∑SCCPs and ∑MCCPs have been observed in both porpoise and dolphin samples over the past decade, which reflect the influence of histories of production and usage on the bioaccumulation of CPs in marine mammals in China. An apparent temporal shift trend from SCCPs to MCCPs was also observed in CP accumulation profiles. Complex environmental fractionation from localized sources in the study region via atmospheric transport, oceanic/offshore water transport, and trophic transfer have resulted in different CP accumulation levels and homologue patterns in the two cetacean species. This is the first report of systematic temporal trends of SCCPs and MCCPs in marine mammals. Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11348-11355
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume49
Issue number19
Early online date03 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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porpoise
Mammals
marine mammal
dolphin
Paraffin
cetacean
atmospheric transport
bioaccumulation
Bioaccumulation
gender
fractionation
Fractionation
trend
sea
sampling
habitat
history
Sampling
Water
water

Citation

Zeng, L., Lam, J. C. W., Wang, Y., Jiang, G., & Lam, P. K. S. (2015). Temporal trends and pattern changes of short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in marine mammals from the South China Sea over the past decade. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(19), 11348-11355. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02473.