Background and objective: Previous cross-sectional research suggested a link between parental corporal punishment, school violence, and cyberbullying among adolescents. However, their temporal relationships remain unclear. This study used longitudinal panel data to examine the temporal relationships between parental corporal punishment, adolescent school violence against peers and teachers, and cyberbullying perpetration.
Participants and setting: Seven hundred and two junior high school students from Taiwan participated.
Methods: A probability sample and two waves of longitudinal panel data collected a nine-month apart were analyzed. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect students' self-reported information about their experiences of parental corporal punishment, perpetration of school violence against peers and teachers, and cyberbullying.
Results: Parental corporal punishment at Time 1 predicted violence against school peers, violence against teachers, and cyberbullying perpetration at Time 2; however, these three behaviors at Time 1 did not predict parental corporal punishment at Time 2. These findings applied to both sex groups, although the effects of parental corporal punishment on violence against teachers were slightly stronger for boys than girls.
Conclusions: Parental corporal punishment is a predictor rather than an outcome of adolescent school violence against peers and teachers and cyberbullying. Policies and interventions need to target parental corporal punishment to prevent adolescents from engaging in violence against peers and teachers and cyberbullying. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationChen, J.-K., Lin, L., Hong, J. S., & Wang, L.-C. (2023). Temporal association of parental corporal punishment with violence in school and cyberbullying among adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 143, Article 106251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2023.106251
- Corporal punishment
- School violence
- Violence against teachers