Technical education at the door of the Republic of China: The Chinese vocational school

Ziwei KANG

Research output: ThesisResearch Papers


Vocational education holds increasing significance as the economy expands and educational structures undergo upgrades. This paper focuses on the historical context and influence of the founding of the first vocational school in China, Zhonghua zhiye xuexiao, established in Shanghai in June 1918. Employing documentary analysis and historical research, the paper examines the factors that led to the establishment of the school, including historical and economic aspects. It particularly explores the connection between Huang Yanpei's travels to the United States and Japan and the establishment of the vocational school, utilizing the concept of educational borrowing. The study also analyzes the impact of Zhonghua zhiye xuexiao on vocational education in China and its economic implications. Moreover, the paper presents insights and discussions on the shortcomings of vocational education in 20th-century China and the current challenges and countermeasures facing vocational education. By examining the motivations and consequences of establishing the first vocational school in modern Chinese history, this research offers a theoretical foundation for future studies and encourages reflection on the historical context of vocational education in China, contributing to the development of a vocational and technical education system tailored to China's national conditions. This research aims to shed light on the historical context and social significance of the Zhonghua zhiye xuexiao as a pioneering institution in the development of technical education in China. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Master of Arts in Global Histories of Education (One-year Full-time)
  • Programme code: A1M106
  • Course code: HIS6062


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