Teasing apart factors influencing executive function performance in bilinguals and monolinguals at different ages

Virginia C. Mueller GATHERCOLE, Enlli Môn THOMAS, Nestor VIÑAS-GUASCH, Ivan KENNEDY, Cynog PRYS, Nia YOUNG, Emily J. ROBERTS, Emma K. HUGHES, Leah JONES

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This study attempts to tease apart a variety of factors that may contribute to performance on executive function tasks. Data from the Simon task are re-examined to determine the contributions of age, SES, language proficiency/vocabulary, general cognitive performance, and bilingualism on performance. The results suggest influence from a variety of factors, with major contributions from relative age and from language proficiency, as measured by vocabulary. Bilingualism showed some effect in relation to older adults' accuracy of performance, in both congruent and incongruent conditions, but not to reaction time. Copyright © 2019 John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBilingualism, executive function, and beyond: Questions and insights
EditorsIrina A. SEKERINA, Lauren SPRADLIN, Virginia VALIAN
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Pages295-336
ISBN (Electronic)9789027262745
ISBN (Print)9789027202420
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Citation

Gathercole, V. C. M., Thomas, E. M., Viñas-Guasch, N., Kennedy, I., Prys, C., Young, N., . . . Jones, L. (2019). Teasing apart factors influencing executive function performance in bilinguals and monolinguals at different ages. In I. A. Sekerina, L. Spradlin, & V. Valian (Eds.), Bilingualism, executive function, and beyond: Questions and insights (pp. 295-336). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.