Synthesis and properties of nano-cadmium oxide and its size-dependent responses by barley plant

Victoria A. SHUVAEVA, Mahmoud MAZARJI, Dina G. NEVIDOMSKAYA, Tatiana M. MINKINA, Aleksei G. FEDORENKO, Vishnu D. RAJPUT, Mikhail V. KIRICHKOV, Victoria S. Tsitsuashvili, Saglara S. MANDZHIEVA, Aleksei A. VELIGZHANIN, Roman D. SVETOGOROV, Evgeniy V. KHRAMOV, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review


Present study included technological methods that made it possible to synthesize CdO nanoparticles and carry out their qualitative and quantitative diagnostics, confirming the as-prepared CdO nanoparticles (NPs) were spherical and had a size of 25 nm. Then, under the conditions of the model experiment the effect of CdO in macro and nanosized particles on absorption, transformation, and structural and functional changes occurring in cells and tissues of Hordeum vulgare L. (spring barley) during its ontogenesis was analyzed. Different analytical techniques were used to detect the transformation of CdO forms: Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRF), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDXMA and TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray absorption fine structure, consists of XANES – X-ray absorption near edge structure, and EXAFS – Extended X-ray absorption fine structure. Quantitative differences in the elemental chemical composition of barley root and leaf samples were observed. The predominant root uptake of Cd was revealed. CdO-NPs were found to penetrate deeply into barley plant tissues, where they accumulated and formed new mineral phases such as Cd₅(PO₄)₃Cl and CdSO₄ according to XRD analysis. The molecular-structural state of the local Cd environment in plant samples corresponding to Cd–O and Cd–Cd. The toxicity of CdO-NPs was found to significantly affect the morphology of intracellular structures are the main organelles of photosynthesis therefore, destructive changes in them obviously reduce the level of metabolic processes ensuring the growth of plants. This study is an attempt to show results how it is possible to combine some instrumental techniques to characterize and behavior of NPs in complex matrices of living organisms. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118045
JournalEnvironmental Research
Early online dateDec 2023
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


Shuvaeva, V. A., Mazarji, M., Nevidomskaya, D. G., Minkina, T. M., Fedorenko, A. G., Rajput, V. D., Kirichkov, M. V., Tsitsuashvili, V. S., Mandzhieva, S. S., Veligzhanin, A. A., Svetogorov, R. D., Khramov, E. V., & Wong, M. H. (2024). Synthesis and properties of nano-cadmium oxide and its size-dependent responses by barley plant. Environmental Research, 246, Article 118045.


  • CdO
  • Hordeum vulgare L.
  • Nanoparticles
  • Macrodispersed
  • Artificial contamination
  • Toxicity
  • Synchrotron methods
  • Ultrastructure


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and properties of nano-cadmium oxide and its size-dependent responses by barley plant'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.