Sustainable valorization of E-waste plastic through catalytic pyrolysis using CO₂

Sungyup JUNG, Sangyoon LEE, Hocheol SONG, Yiu Fai TSANG, Eilhann E. KWON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A massive amount of waste of electrical and electronic equipment (E-waste) is being discarded as a solid waste. A valorization platform for the organic part in E-waste has not been fully matured, while metallic compounds have been properly recycled. In these respects, a reliable disposal platform for complex plastic compounds in E-waste is developed in this study. Using a pyrolysis platform, the complicated plastic mixture in E-waste was valorized into value-added products. To deliberate a more environmentally benign process, CO₂ was used as a cofeedstock. As a model E-waste, LCD monitor waste (LMW) was tested. The exact types of plastics in LMW (polyacrylonitrile, polybutadiene, polystyrene, poly(methyl methacrylate), polyethylene terephthalate, and polycarbonate) and their mass fractions were determined. From pyrolysis of LMW, the heterogeneous mixture of liquid (toxic) hydrocarbons was generated. To selectively convert/detoxify hydrocarbon into syngas (H₂/CO), catalytic pyrolysis was applied. A Ni catalyst led to chemical bond scissions, improving H₂ formation. When CO₂ was fed as a cofeedstock, volatile hydrocarbons were further turned into CO through chemical reactions between CO₂ and hydrocarbons. This synergistic effect of CO₂ and Ni catalyst improved syngas formation more than 15 times. CO₂ also greatly extended the stability of a catalyst, effectively preventing coke formation. Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8443-8451
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume10
Issue number26
Early online dateJun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Citation

Jung, S., Lee, S., Song, H., Tsang, Y. F., & Kwon, E. E. (2022). Sustainable valorization of E-waste plastic through catalytic pyrolysis using CO₂. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 10(26), 8443-8451. doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.2c01469

Keywords

  • Circular economy
  • Waste-to-resources
  • Waste-to-energy
  • Plastic management
  • E-waste

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