Students' connectedness to various social agents has been linked to specific domains of self-efficacy but little is known about the mechanisms linking connectedness to adaptive student outcomes. This research aimed to examine the association of connectedness academic self-efficacy (Study 1) and career development self-efficacy (Study 2) via the mediating effects of gratitude using prospective research design among Hong Kong high school students. Sample comprised 141 high school students in Study 1 and 132 high school students in Study. There was 12-month interval between Time 1 and Time 2 survey administration. Study 1 showed that Time 1 connectedness to parents and peers positively predicted Time 2 academic self-efficacy through the mediating role of Time 2 gratitude. Study 2 demonstrated that Time 1 connectedness to parents and school positively predicted Time 2 career development self-efficacy via Time 2 gratitude. Converging evidence was reached on the mediating influence of gratitude on the link between connectedness and different domains of self-efficacy. Teachers, guidance counselors and psychologists are encouraged to provide increased opportunities for students to strengthen their peer relationships and connection with families in order to boost their self-confidence in areas of academic and career development. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationDatu, J. A. D., & Yuen, M. (2020). Students' connectedness is linked to higher gratitude and self-efficacy outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 116. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105210
- Academic self-efficacy
- Career and talent development self-efficacy