Student-problem chart: An essential tool for SLOA

Magdalena Mo Ching MOK, Sze Ming LAM, Ming Yan NGAN, Jing Jing Joyce YAO, Ying Wah Michael WONG, Kun Jacob XU, Stephen Yin Chuen TING

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter introduces the concepts of the student-problem chart (SP chart) as a tool to support implementation of assessment for learning. In essence, the SP chart is a matrix of students’ responses against set items in an assessment where the rows are rearranged in descending order of student ability from the top of the matrix and the columns in ascending order of item difficulty from the left. Using the assumption that a more able student is more likely than a less able student to answer any item correctly and that an easier item is more likely to be answered correctly than a more difficult item by any student, modified caution indices can be computed to reflect the extent to which the student and item response patterns deviate from the expected pattern. The SP Xpress software outputs the SP chart, the modified caution indices, and other statistics to support teachers in diagnostic assessment for enhanced student learning. Copyright © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSelf-directed learning oriented assessments in the Asia-Pacific
EditorsMagdalena Mo Ching MOK
Place of PublicationDordrecht, The Netherlands
ISBN (Electronic)9789400745070
ISBN (Print)9789400745063
Publication statusPublished - 2013


Mok, M. M. C., Lam, S. M., Ngan, M.- Y., Yao, J. J., Wong, M. Y. W., Xu, J. K., & Ting, S. Y. C. (2013). Student-problem chart: An essential tool for SLOA. In M. M. C. Mok (Ed.), Self-directed learning oriented assessments in the Asia-Pacific (pp. 203-221). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.


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