Wai Kai HOU, Tiffany Junchen TAO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


This article on stress covers four topics. An overview is given on how persons cope with chronic stress and trauma. Classic theories of the psychology of stress, namely the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, the Salutogenic Model, and the Conservation of Resources Theory, are outlined. Next, the meaning-making process, the Shift-and-Persist Model, and the regulatory flexibility perspective will describe specific cognitive and emotional regulatory processes potentially leading to successful stress adaptation. The article will end by summarizing current theoretical and empirical evidence on stress resilience from different contextual levels. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of mental health
EditionThird Edition
ISBN (Print)9780323914987
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Hou, W. K., & Tao, T. J. (2023). Stress. In Encyclopedia of mental health (3rd ed., pp. 382-388). Elsevier.


  • Cognitive appraisal
  • Sense of coherence
  • Conservation of resources
  • Meaning-making
  • Shift-and-Persist
  • Regulatory flexibility
  • Resilience
  • Social ecology
  • Trauma
  • Stress
  • Stressor
  • Sustainability


Dive into the research topics of 'Stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.