Strategies for strengthening the entry and exist system of the residual welfare model

Kar Ming YU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Over the last two decades, the development of social welfare in many capitalist societies has not only been challenged ideologically by the right-wing social scientists but has also been endangered by fiscal crisis. While many right-wing capitalist governments have not directly rolled backed the welfare state, they are committed to reconstructing the welfare system so as to promote investment opportunities for the private sector and to enhance market values. This is found not only in Western capitalist societies but also in advanced Eastern societies. One of the strategies used by the governments is to residualise social services and promote the residual welfare model. However, because of the constraints of political reality capitalist governments very often find it difficult to fully realise the residual welfare model. Thus, it may try to secure a partial residualisation of social services. This can be achieved by a number of methods, including strengthening either the entry system or the exit system of the residual welfare model, and developing the double-entry and double-exit systems. Copyright © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalThe Hong Kong Journal of Social Work
Issue number1/2
Publication statusPublished - 2011



Yu, K. M. (2011). Strategies for strengthening the entry and exist system of the residual welfare model. The Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, 45(1/2), 1-12.


  • Residual welfare model
  • Entry and exit systems
  • Challenges of social services to capitalism
  • Four special types of social services