Strategic management of harmful chemicals produced from pyrolysis of plastic cup waste using CO₂ as a reaction medium

Dohee KWON, Sungyup JUNG, Deok Hyun MOON, Yiu Fai TSANG, Wei-Hsin CHEN, Eilhann E. KWON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disposable plastic cup has been expensively used in our daily life due to its versatility, usability, and affordability. However, the mass increase in plastic cup waste (PCW) becomes detrimental environmental issues because the current plastic disposal process could be a vector for microplastics and hazardous compounds. In this study, an environmentally benign disposal and valorization process of PCW was suggested. In particular, pyrolysis of PCW was performed using a greenhouse (CO₂) as a reaction medium. The thermal degradation of PCW produced hazardous benzene derivatives because PCW was made of polyethylene terephthalate. The harmful aromatic compounds (benzene derivatives) were detoxified by means of syngas production (H₂ and CO) in the presence of a Co catalyst. Effects of CO₂ and Co catalyst resulted in conversion of more than 95 % of toxic chemicals, benzene derivatives, into syngas at 700 ˚C. CO₂ also effectively suppressed a deactivation of Co catalyst because gas phase reactions between CO₂ and benzene derivatives mitigated (hydro)carbon formations that can be deposited on the catalyst surface. Thus, this study proposed that CO₂-assisted catalytic pyrolysis is a promising approach to convert disposable plastic container and CO₂ into value-added products with mitigation of harmful chemical production. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number135524
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume437
Issue numberPt. 2
Early online date28 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2022

Citation

Kwon, D., Jung, S., Moon, D. H., Tsang, Y. F., Chen, W.-H., & Kwon, E. E. (2022). Strategic management of harmful chemicals produced from pyrolysis of plastic cup waste using CO₂ as a reaction medium. Chemical Engineering Journal, 437(Pt. 2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.135524

Keywords

  • Waste-to-Energy
  • CO₂
  • Plastic management
  • Catalytic pyrolysis
  • Beverage cup waste
  • Polyethylene terephthalate

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