Stigma resistance among sexual minorities

Chiu Hung Charles YIP, Ka Shing Kevin CHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction   Stigma against lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals is prevalent and pervasive, but limited research has examined the individual differences in resisting and fighting against the stigma. The present study tested a conceptual model about the psychosocial predictors and well-being outcomes of stigma resistance among LGB individuals. We hypothesized that positive in-group perceptions, especially group value and group identification, would affect stigma resistance, which would, in turn, have an impact on self-stigma and self-empowerment, and then influence life satisfaction.
Methods   Cross-sectional questionnaire data were collected from 401 LGB individuals residing in Hong Kong, China, in 2018. Structural equation modelling and bootstrap analyses were performed to analyze the relations among group value, group identification, stigma resistance, self-stigma, self-empowerment, and life satisfaction.
Results   Structural equation modelling showed that group value and group identification were positively associated with stigma resistance, which was, in turn, linked to lower self-stigma and higher self-empowerment, and thereby greater life satisfaction. Bootstrap analyses further demonstrated that group value and group identification had significant indirect effects on self-stigma and self-empowerment via stigma resistance and on life satisfaction via stigma resistance, self-stigma, and self-empowerment.
Conclusions   Findings revealed the potential pathways through which positive in-group perceptions could enable LGB individuals to build resilience against stigma, develop a positive sexual identity, and lead a flourishing life.
Policy Implications   Findings pointed to the importance of developing effective interventions to promote positive in-group perceptions among LGB individuals in order to enhance their stigma resistance, increase their identity affirmation, and heighten their life satisfaction. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-655
JournalSexuality Research and Social Policy
Issue number2
Early online date13 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


Yip, C. C. H., & Chan, K. K. S. (2022). Stigma resistance among sexual minorities. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 19(2), 647-655. doi: 10.1007/s13178-021-00580-z


  • Group value
  • Group identification
  • Stigma resistance
  • Self-stigma
  • Self-empowerment
  • Life satisfaction
  • Lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals


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