State feminism in China

Wai Chun Clara TO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


While state feminism in capitalist democracies refers to feminists' engagement with the state, state feminism in postsocialist China often refers to a top‐down approach to women's liberation sanctioned by the state. Early works on Chinese state feminism examined the extent to which the state has lived up to its pro‐women propaganda, and the subordination of women's interests to a national cause. Studies in the 1990s on the state‐sponsored All‐China Women's Federation (ACWF) accorded state feminists more agency by examining their strategies and success in influencing policy‐making favorable to women. Recent studies in the late 1990s and 2000s have turned to investigating the transformation and challenges of the ACWF and the rise of a new women's movement. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Blackwell encyclopedia of sociology
EditorsGeorge RITZER
Place of PublicationMalden, MA
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9781405165518
ISBN (Print)9781405124331
Publication statusPublished - 2016


To, C. W.-C. (2016). State feminism in China. In G. Ritzer (Ed.), The Blackwell encyclopedia of sociology. doi: 10.1002/9781405165518.wbeos0818


  • Feminism
  • Movements
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • State
  • Women


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