Sport coaches learn to coach in Hong Kong

Alberto CRUZ

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review


Sport coaching is dynamic and complex. Sport coaches must develop a range of skills and knowledge to coach competently. Studies have shown that school sport coaches learn to coach through many different situations. School sport coaches seem to learn to coach through life experiences in various learning situations. To date, few studies have investigated the process by which school sport coaches in Hong Kong learn how to coach. Therefore, the present study examined the learning situations in which school sport coaches learn to coach and the factors that influence their coaching practice, using Moon’s generic view of learning. Twelve sport coaches with a minimum of one year’s experience of coaching in schools were recruited in this study. Snowball sampling was employed to maximise variation of the sample. Two semistructured interviews were conducted to gather information concerning their sporting experiences, career paths, learning-to-coach processes, and coaching practice in schools. Deductive content analysis was used to organise and categorise the data. The trustworthiness of the study was established using peer debriefing and member checking. Findings indicated that school sport coaches learn to coach through formal coaching education courses and informal learning settings: mentoring and exchanging ideas with other coaches and physical education teachers. Sport coaches also reported that their past sporting and coaching experience helped their coaching practice. Number of participants, school equipment and facilities, and weather were major factors that influence the practice of school sport coaches. The findings of the study have implications for the training of sport coaches with respect to their specific learning needs and knowledge of how to coach in Hong Kong’s school system. Learning strategies should be provided to address different learning situations coaches might encounter and the factors that influence practice to facilitate their coaching in schools. Copyright © 2017 by author and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-443
JournalAdvances in Physical Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


Cruz, A. (2017). Sport coaches learn to coach in Hong Kong. Advances in Physical Education, 7(4), 425-443. doi: 10.4236/ape.2017.74036


  • School sport coaches
  • Coaching
  • Learning situations


Dive into the research topics of 'Sport coaches learn to coach in Hong Kong'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.