Sport and recreational physical activities attenuate the predictive association of multimorbidity with increased geriatric depressive symptoms: A 14-year follow-up study of community-dwelling older adults

Yonglin LIANG, Francisco T.T. LAI, Lok Yin Joyce KWAN, Wai CHAN, Eng-Kiong YEOH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Multimorbidity is associated with increased depression risks. Little research examines how physical exercise moderates this association. From an existing cohort of community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong recruited in 2001–2003, the authors included participants who were successfully interviewed after 14 years (2015–2017). Geriatric depressive symptoms were used as the primary outcome and measured by the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale, while multimorbidity was operationalized using a list of 19 conditions. Subscores of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly measuring light, moderate, and strenuous sport/ recreational activities were included as moderators. In total, 1,056 participants were included, of whom 50.7% were multimorbid. Multimorbidity was associated with 12% more geriatric depressive symptoms, but strenuous physical activities were associated with a smaller risk elevation only among multimorbid patients (adjusted relative risk = 0.99, 95% confidence interval [0.98, 0.99]; p = .001). In conclusion, strenuous sport and recreational activities may attenuate the association between multimorbidity and geriatric depressive symptoms. Copyright © 2022 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-260
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume30
Issue number2
Early online dateJul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Citation

Liang, Y., Lai, F. T. T., Kwan, J. L. Y., Chan, W., & Yeoh, E.-K. (2022). Sport and recreational physical activities attenuate the predictive association of multimorbidity with increased geriatric depressive symptoms: A 14-year follow-up study of community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 30(2), 252-260. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0070

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sport and recreational physical activities attenuate the predictive association of multimorbidity with increased geriatric depressive symptoms: A 14-year follow-up study of community-dwelling older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.