Socioeconomic effect on perception of urban green spaces in Guangzhou, China

Chi Yung JIM, Xizhang SHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)


Visitor perception can influence use pattern and inform planning and management of urban green spaces (UGSs). This study investigated visitors' views on key UGS variables and socioeconomic effect on UGS perception in Guangzhou, China. A questionnaire survey solicited responses to positive and negative UGS attributes from 595 respondents selected by stratified sampling from visitors in the study area. The results showed good knowledge, positive perception and limited concern about safety. Benefits directly related to individual and family interests were emphasized, such as health enhancement, promotion of children development, and stress reduction. The social role of community development (social interaction) received less support. Significant differences in perception were found across most socioeconomic variables, including gender, age, marital status, education, occupation, and district of residence. The distance-reinforced negative perception of UGS called for the generous provision of proximal sites near homes to satisfy local demands. Future UGS planning could capitalize on the positive views to promote preservation, provision and use of UGS. Local governments could incorporate citizen perception and preference into the relevant decision-making process to meet the diverse and evolving demands for UGS. The findings could be applied to the design and management of UGS in other developing cities. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
Early online date15 Jul 2012
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


Jim, C. Y., & Shan, X. (2013). Socioeconomic effect on perception of urban green spaces in Guangzhou, China. Cities, 31, 123-131. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2012.06.017


  • Urban green space
  • Visitor perception
  • Socioeconomic effect
  • Distance-reinforced perception
  • Participatory planning
  • Nature education


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