Social support and depression among elderly Chinese people in Hong Kong

Iris CHI, Kee Lee CHOU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the association between social support and depressive symptomatology in a representative community sample of 1106 Chinese people in Hong Kong aged sixty years or older. Significant bivariate relationships were found between depression and all dimensions of social support including social network size, network composition, social contact frequency, satisfaction of social support, instrumental/emotional support, and helping others. Using multiple regression models, the authors found that at least one measure of these six dimensions of social support was associated with depressive symptomatology, even after controlling for socio-demographic, and functional disability. We found that social support from family is important for elderly Chinese people in Hong Kong, and satisfaction with support is a more important predictor of depression levels than other objective measures of network relationships. Lastly, it was found that material aid and instrumental support is more important in preventing depression for elderly individuals in Hong Kong than emotional support. Copyright © 2001 Baywood Pub. Co.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-252
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2001


Hong Kong
Social Support


Chi, I., & Chou, K.-L. (2001). Social support and depression among elderly Chinese people in Hong Kong. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 52(3), 231-252. doi: 10.2190/V5K8-CNMG-G2UP-37QV