Social-environment factor as a weak point of sustainable development in Indonesia

Bagus SUMARGO, Kadek Ari Pratiwi KASUMA, Yiu Fai TSANG

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

3 Citations (Scopus)


The current measurement of development only considers the achievement of each dimension of development, making it difficult to analyze the success level of sustainable development models. This study provides a development measure based on social, economic and environmental factors for a composite index of development. This composite index was developed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. After undergoing a reduction process using factor analysis, 16 variables were obtained, which can be used to determine the index of sustainable development. The 16 variables selected form three factors, namely social-economic-environment; economic-environment; and social-economic factors. Social-environment has been indicated as a weak point, enhanced sustainable development in Indonesia doesn't run smoothly. In the future, it is necessary to develop an environmental education curriculum, so that it can create an environmentally conscious culture. Copyright © 2018 Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings 2019
EditorsDian SISWANTO, Retno MASTUTI, Fahrul Zaman Bin HUYOP, Chairat TREESUBSUNTORN
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Print)9780735417373
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


Sumargo, B., Kasuma, K. A. P., & Tsang, Y. F. (2018). Social-environment factor as a weak point of sustainable development in Indonesia. In D. Siswanto, R. Mastuti, F. Z. B. Huyop, & C. Treesubsuntorn (Eds.), AIP Conference Proceedings 2019. doi: 10.1063/1.5061866


  • Development
  • Social
  • Economy
  • Education
  • Environment


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