Social competence of elementary-school children: Relationships to maternal authoritativeness, supportive maternal responses and children's coping strategies

Siu Mui CHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Although the influences of parenting on children's development of social competence have been well established, research on the underlying mechanisms of this link is relatively limited. The present study examined children's coping strategies as a mediator of the effects of maternal authoritativeness and maternal inductive responses on their social competence. Method. The mothers of 183 Hong Kong Chinese children aged 6 to 8 years (89 girls and 94 boys) reported on their adoption of authoritative parenting and their responses to their children's expressions of emotion, and rated their children's adoption of constructive coping strategies. The children's teachers reported on the children's prosocial behaviour, and rated their level of peer acceptance at school. Results. A model of maternal authoritativeness and supportive maternal responses affecting children's social competence is presented. The study results show that the effects of authoritative parenting on children's adoption of constructive coping strategies were mediated by supportive maternal responses to children's expression of emotion, and that the effects of maternal authoritativeness and maternal responses on children's social competence were mediated by children's coping strategies. These results suggest that school personnel should organize training programmes on emotion-coping strategies for both parents and children. Conclusion. The findings imply that positive parenting facilitates children's acquisition of constructive emotion-coping strategies. Programmes on emotion-coping strategies should be introduced for both parents and school children. Copyright © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-532
JournalChild: Care, Health and Development
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Citation

Chan, S. M. (2011). Social competence of elementary-school children: Relationships to maternal authoritativeness, supportive maternal responses and children's coping strategies. Child: Care, Health and Development, 37(4), 524-532.

Keywords

  • Authoritative parenting
  • Chinese children
  • Coping strategies
  • Maternal responses
  • Peer acceptance
  • Prosocial behaviour

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