This article reviews major theories and empirical evidence on the development of sex (or gender) role. Gender role is different from sex; it is more about the socialization process of what and how men and women should behave. Biological, evolutionary, cognitive developmental, and social learning theories are first described to explain formation of gender stereotypes and gender schemas, followed by discussions on how family, education, workplace, media, and cultural settings would further reinforce the preexisting gender role. Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory is applied to conclude how different social contexts interact and impact on the development of gender role. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title of host publication||International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences|
|Editors||James D. WRIGHT|
|Place of Publication||Amsterdam|
|ISBN (Print)||9780080970875, 9780080970868|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
CitationLeung, A. N.-M., & Ng, H. K. S. (2015). Sex role development and education. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences (2 ed., pp. 678-685). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
- Biological factors
- Evolutionary psychology
- Gender role expectation
- Gender schema
- Gender stereotype
- Selection of sex role
- Sex roles
- Sexual orientation