Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) stigma has been found to be a major barrier to PrEP acceptability and uptake. Research has found that different ethnic/cultural groups display varying levels of PrEP stigma. This article studies sex conservatism and internalized homonegativity as two sexuality- and culture-related aspects that influence PrEP stigma and intention to use PrEP. An online survey of 279 young gay and bisexual men in Hong Kong found that internalized homonegativity was positively associated with PrEP stigma. Respondents who were more conservative about sex showed lower intention to use PrEP, whereas those who had higher income and more positive attitudes about PrEP were more likely to express intention to use PrEP. This study provides novel empirical evidence for understanding PrEP stigma and uptake from a sexuality and cultural perspective. The influence of sexuality- and culture-related factors on PrEP stigma and uptake warrants greater attention, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. Copyright © 2022 The Guilford Press.
CitationSuen, Y. T., Chan, R. C. H., & Wong, E. M. Y. (2022). Sex conservatism, internalized homonegativity, PrEP stigma, and intention to use PrEP: A study of Chinese-speaking gay and bisexual male youth in Hong Kong. AIDS Education and Prevention, 34(6), 467-480. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2022.34.6.467
- Sex conservatism
- Gay and bisexual men
- Sexual minorities
- Hong Kong