Self-concept, self-efficacy, and mathematics achievement: Students in 65 regions including the US and Asia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

This study examines whether seven well-funded and economically equal education systems in Asian regions (Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and Shanghai) yield students with higher mathematics achievement, lower self-concept, higher mathematics self-efficacy, and higher intrinsic motivation, compared to the US and 57 other regions. Mathematics interest, mathematics self-concept, and mathematics self-efficacy were related to math achievement in all 65 regions. Compared to US students, those from these Asian regions had higher mathematics achievement and lower self-concept, suggesting a face culture modesty bias and a dignity culture enhancement bias. These Asian students’ self-efficacy exceeded their self-concept, further supporting their modesty bias. In contrast, US students’ self-concept exceeded their self-efficacy, evidence of their enhancement bias. Copyright © 2017 Springer International Publishing AG.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWhat matters? Research trends in international comparative studies in mathematics education
EditorsJi-Won SON, Tad WATANABE, Jane-Jane LO
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages267-288
ISBN (Electronic)9783319511870
ISBN (Print)9783319511856
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Citation

Chiu, M. M. (2017). Self-concept, self-efficacy, and mathematics achievement: Students in 65 regions including the US and Asia. In J.-W. Son, T. Watanabe, & J.-J. Lo (Eds.), What matters? Research trends in international comparative studies in mathematics education (pp. 267-288). Cham: Springer.

Keywords

  • Economic growth
  • Economic inequality
  • Family
  • Culture
  • Self-concept
  • Self-efficacy
  • Mathematics achievement

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