Self-concept is one of the most widely researched psychological constructs in such related disciplines as educational psychology, developmental psychology, and social psychology. The significance of self -concept lies in the facts that it has been shown to be closely related to other psychological constructs such as academic achievement (for reviews, see Hattie, 1992; Marsh, Byrne & Shavelson, 1992), neurosis and maladjustment (Rogers, 1981), self-schema (Cross & Markus, 1994), mood and self-evaluation (for reviews, see Brown & Mankowski, 1993), which are of great concerns among educators and psychologists. In Hong Kong, few studies has been done to assess the self-concept of pre-service full-time student teachers. The purpose of this paper is to report findings from one of the newly developed instrument based on the Shavelson, Hubner, and Stanton (1976) multidimensional, hierarchical model, the Personal and Academic self-concept Inventory (PASCI: Fleming & Whalen, 1990), and to compare findings of this study with previous findings as reported by Fleming and Whalen (1990), and Watkins, Regmi and Alfon (1990). The subjects were 227 either first year or second year full-time students enrolling in four similar teacher training programmes at the Institute of Education in Hong Kong. 63 male and 163 female (1 gender unknown) were included in the sample, with a mean age of 21 years . The instrument was a three-section, self-report questionnaire. Section A was an invitation letter explaining the purpose of the study and ensuring confidentiality. Section B was the Chinese version of PASCI. PASCI is an expanded version of Fleming and Courtney's (1984) Self-Rating Scale (SRS) which in turn evolved from the Feelings of Inadequacy Scale (Janis & Field, 1959). Its subscales are designed to measure global, social, physical, and academic components of self-concept grounded on Shavelson's (1976) model. Section C was used to collect respondents' demographic information including sex, age, family SES ,and parents' occupations and educational levels.
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1996|