The current study examined whether or not lexical access is influenced by detailed phonological features during the silent reading of Chinese sentences. We used two types of two-character target words (Mandarin sandhi-tone and base-tone). The first characters of the words in the sandhi-tone condition had a tonal alternation, but no tonal alternation was involved in the base-tone condition. Recordings of eye movements revealed that native Mandarin Chinese readers viewed the base-tone target words more briefly than the sandhi-tone target words when they were infrequent. Such articulation-specific effects on visual word processing, however, diminished for frequent words. We suggest that a conflict in tonal representation at a character/morpheme level and at a word level induces prolongation in fixation duration on infrequent sandhi-tone words, and conclude that these tonal effects appear to reflect articulation simulation of words during the silent reading of Chinese sentences. Copyright © 2020 Springer Nature B.V.
CitationPan, J., Zhang, C., Huang, X., & Yan, M. (2021). Sandhi-tone words prolong fixation duration during silent sentence reading in Chinese. Reading and Writing, 34(4), 841–857. doi: 10.1007/s11145-020-10093-7
- Eye movement
- Tone sandhi
- Sentence reading