Robotic intervention program for enhancement of social engagement among children with autism spectrum disorder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the effectiveness of a robotic intervention in enhancing the social engagement of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The clinical use of social or interactive robots is promising for enhancing the social skills of children with ASD. Teaching and intervention programs using humanoid robots for children with ASD are developing rapidly. In this study, a repeated-measures design was adopted to test the treatment effectiveness of a robotic intervention program; 14 students with ASD were recruited in this study. An individual-based social skills training program using the NAO robot was administered to each participant. Video recording was performed throughout the course of training. Systematic video analysis was conducted for the pre-intervention, mid-intervention, end of intervention and maintenance phases regarding 3 variables: frequency of eye contact, duration of eye contact, and frequency of verbal initiation. One-way analysis of variance for repeated measures was employed to demonstrate that the robotic intervention program significantly enhanced the eye contact (both frequency and duration) and verbal initiation of children with ASD. The robot served as a role model and facilitating agent to enable a therapeutic transaction between the child, environment, and activities to elicit self-initiated changes in the children with ASD. Copyright © 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-434
JournalJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Issue number4
Early online dateDec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


Video Recording
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Analysis of Variance


Chung, E. Y.-H. (2019). Robotic intervention program for enhancement of social engagement among children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 31(4), 419-434. doi: 10.1007/s10882-018-9651-8


  • Human robotic interaction
  • Robotics
  • ASD
  • Social engagement