Risk assessments of PAHs and Hg exposure via settled house dust and street dust, linking with their correlations in human hair

Wei WANG, Fuyong WU, Jinshu ZHENG, Ming Hung WONG

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50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Domestic energy, chemicals bioaccessibility and particle size were found as three critical factors for risk assessment of PAHs exposure via settled house dust (SHD) and street dust. ∑PAHs and Hg contained in SHD were significantly (p < 0.01) higher in coal-burning households of Qingyang (8.45–121; 0.48–16.4 μg g−1) than households in Guangzhou (1.23–22.2; 0.004–10.6 μg g−1) and 90% coal-burning houses were estimated with unacceptable cancer risks (>10−4) via SHD exposure. The highest accumulation trend of PAHs and Hg were found in <63 μm particles, and different particle sizes resulted in large variations of the obtained risks (up to 10 fold). Bioaccessibility corrected PAHs led to a significant decrease on related cancer risks and decreased in the order of 1.9, 1.1, 0.6 and 0.4 μg g−1 with the increase of particle sizes (<63, 63–100, 100–280, 280–2000 μm). Scalp hair was tested as an indicator of body burdens of PAHs (0.05–0.9 μg g−1) and Hg (0.04–1.6 μg g−1). Different PAHs profiles were found between PAHs in SHD and those of hair, indicating that exogenous exposure to PAHs adsorbed on dust was not the major source of hair PAHs. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-637
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume263
Issue numberPart 2
Early online dateOct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Citation

Wang, W., Wu, F., Zheng, J., & Wong, M. H. (2013). Risk assessments of PAHs and Hg exposure via settled house dust and street dust, linking with their correlations in human hair. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 263, 627-637. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.10.023

Keywords

  • Risk assessment
  • Bioaccessible PAHs
  • Hg
  • Settled house dust
  • Particle size
  • Coal-burning household

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