Reverse message-framing effects on accelerometer-assessed physical activity among older outpatients with type 2 diabetes

Kin Kit Ben LI, Lorna NG, Sheung-Tak CHENG, Hoi Lam Helene FUNG

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been suggested that gain-framed messages are more effective than loss-framed messages in promoting low-risk health behaviors such as physical activity. Because of a heightened health concern and possible medical complications, older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) may consider physical activity to be risky. This study examined whether a reverse message-framing effect would be found among older adults with T2D. The participants included 211 sedentary and older adults with T2D recruited from an outpatient clinic. The participants were randomly assigned to receive either gain-framed or loss-framed messages and wore an accelerometer to monitor their physical activity for 2 weeks. The participants who received loss-framed messages were more physically active than those who received gain-framed messages (β = 0.13, p = .033). This loss-frame advantage might be attributable to the heightened perceived risks among older outpatients with T2D and the temporarily activated prevention-focused orientation in a clinical setting. Copyright © 2017 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-227
JournalJournal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Outpatients
Exercise
Health Behavior
Risk-Taking
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Health

Citation

Li, K.-K., Ng, L., Cheng, S.-T., & Fung, H. H. (2017). Reverse message-framing effects on accelerometer-assessed physical activity among older outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 39(3), 222-227.

Keywords

  • Health promotion
  • Message framing
  • Physical activity
  • Regulatory focus
  • Risk perception