Optic disc localization is of great diagnostic value related to retinal diseases, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. However, the detection process is quite challenging because positions of optic discs vary from image to image, and moreover, pathological changes, like hard exudates or neovascularization, may alter optic disc appearance. In this paper, we propose a robust approach to accurately detect the optic disc region and locate the optic disc center in color retinal images. The proposed technique employs a kernelized least-squares classifier to decide the area that contains optic disc. Then connected-component labeling and lumination information are used together to find the convergence of blood vessels, which is thought to be optic disc center. The proposed method has been evaluated over two datasets: the Digital Retinal Images for Vessel Extraction (DRIVE), and the Non-fluorescein Images for Vessel Extraction (NIVE) datasets. Experimental results have shown that our method outperforms existing methods, achieving a competitive accuracy (97.52 %) and efficiency (1.1577s). Copyright © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
CitationWang, R., Zheng, L., Xiong, C., Qiu, C., Li, H., Hou, X., et al. (2017). Retinal optic disc localization using convergence tracking of blood vessels. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 76(22), 23309–23331.
- Optic disc
- Retinal image
- Vessel convergence
- Diabetic retinopathy