In this chapter, high-stakes assessment, educational standards and benchmarks are first discussed. These are subsequently elaborated upon and discussed within their theoretical contexts and, particularly, within the context of language assessment. The ways in which assessment paradigms have changed in recent decades are also discussed to highlight their influences on the benchmarking project. Copyright © 2018 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
|Title of host publication
|High-stakes testing: The impact of the LPATE on English language teachers in Hong Kong
|David CONIAM, Peter FALVEY
|Place of Publication
|Published - 2018