Repurposing the K-10: The factor structure and latent profile of COVID-19 pandemic-anchored psychological distress symptoms among Filipino teachers

Imelu G. MORDENO, Queeneh T. PIAPE, Art Guilleane R. ROÑO, Wendel Ann C. ABEJAR, Michelle Anne L. FEROLINO, Norman Biliwang MENDOZA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10) is widely utilized to assess non-specific psychological distress. However, when applied to COVID-19 pandemic experiences, its psychometric properties have not been examined. This study investigated the factor structure, reliability, and latent profile of K-10 using data from 3032 Filipino teachers who reflected on their pandemic-related adversity prior to completing K-10. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to evaluate five extant models of the K-10’s structure, supporting the two-factor model (i.e., anxiety and depression) as best fitting the data. Both factors showed excellent internal reliability, and criterion-related validity was supported by correlations with anxiety and depression measures. Latent profile analysis revealed a four-class solution, identifying four distinct levels of distress severity. Overall, the contextualized K-10 demonstrated sound psychometric properties, which corroborates and extends its reliability and validity as a measure of pandemic-related distress. Further, the results offer insights into the dimensionality and distress profiles of the K-10 among teachers. Broadly, the findings highlight the importance of valid instruments in assessing contextualized psychological distress. Copyright © 2024 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-439
JournalJournal of Psychoeducational Assessment
Volume42
Issue number4
Early online dateJan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2024

Citation

Mordeno, I. G., Piape, Q. T., Roño, A. G. R., Abejar, W. A. C., Ferolino, M. A. L., & Mendoza, N. B. (2024). Repurposing the K-10: The factor structure and latent profile of COVID-19 pandemic-anchored psychological distress symptoms among Filipino teachers. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 42(4), 425-439. https://doi.org/10.1177/07342829241229768

Keywords

  • Psychological distress
  • Confirmatory factor analyses
  • Latent profile analysis

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