Remediation of cadmium in soil by biochar-supported iron phosphate nanoparticles

Yuxi QIAO, Juan WU, Yanze XU, Zhanqiang FANG, Liuchun ZHENG, Wen CHENG, Po Keung Eric TSANG, Jianzhang FANG, Dongye ZHAO

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78 Citations (Scopus)


A type of biochar-supported iron phosphate nanoparticle stabilised by a sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC@BC@ Fe₃(PO₄)₂) composite was synthesised to remediate cadmium (Cd)-polluted soil. The surface morphology and functional groups of the composite were characterised by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, respectively. Batch experiments showed that the composite (soil-to-solution ratio 1 g:10 mL) could effectively immobilise Cd in soil. The immobilisation efficiency of Cd was 81.3% after 28 days of remediation, and physiological-based extraction test bioaccessibility was reduced by 80.0%. The results of sequential extraction procedures indicated that the transformation from more easily extractable Cd to the least available form was responsible for the decrease in Cd bioavailability in soils. Plant growth experiments proved that the composite could inhibit Cd uptake to the belowground and aboveground parts of cabbage mustard by 44.8% and 70.2%, respectively, thus promoting cabbage mustard growth and development after remediation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-522
JournalEcological Engineering
Issue numberPart A
Early online dateJun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017


Qiao, Y., Wu, J., Xu, Y., Fang, Z., Zheng, L., Cheng, W., et al. (2017). Remediation of cadmium in soil by biochar-supported iron phosphate nanoparticles. Ecological Engineering, 106(Part A), 515-522. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.06.023


  • Iron phosphate
  • Biochar
  • Cadmium polluted soil
  • Composite
  • Immobilisation


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